© In total the United States raised 16 armored division in World War 2. Captain Meier’s force, like most of CCR, 9th Armored and 28th Infantry Division soldiers and tankers retreating from the roadblock battles, eventually made it to Bastogne. It changed the world more than any other single event in history. Entire Division: 2nd Battalion and one platoon of Company A, 749th Tank Battalion and one platoon of Company A, 776th Tank Destroyer Battalion of the 44th Infantry Division (United States) U.S. Army: 1945: France: Defensive action starting on December 31, 1944, against the German offensive Operation Nordwind in Rimling, France. The division played an important role during World War II in the invasions of North Africa and Sicily and the liberation of France, Belgium, and the Netherlands and the invasion of Germany. The 106th Infantry Division was newly arrived at the front, replacing the 2nd Infantry Division, and had yet to see combat. Die 9th Armored Division (deutsch 9. The 9th Armored Division (the "Phantom Division") was an armored division of the United States Army in World War II. At about 11 am, the first Mark IVs of the 2nd Battalion, 3d Panzer Regiment appeared. This M4A1 76w is from A Company, 20th Tank Battalion , 20 Armored Division. In the 9th Armored Division’s CCR sector, the 52nd Armored Infantry Battalion seemed to be the primary target of the shelling. By 9 pm, Task Force Harper ceased to exist as a unified, cohesive fighting unit. The time was about 1 pm on December 18. CCR, 9th Armored was now split into two task forces. The second roadblock was at a junction where a secondary road from the valley of the Clerve at Drauffelt joined Highway N-12 near the village of Allerborn. Once Bastogne was secured, the 26th VGD would be responsible for covering the left flank of the Panzer Corps, allowing the two armored divisions to cross the Meuse unmolested. When General Omar Bradley, 12th Army Group commander, visited Middleton at his headquarters in Bastogne, Middleton expressed concern about the overall defensive situation, only to be told, “Don’t worry Troy, they won’t come through here.” Middleton replied, “Maybe not, Brad, but they’ve come through this area several times before.” To help assuage his fears, General Bradley provided VIII Corps with the newly arrived 9th Armored Division. The German reconnaissance battalion was still carefully feeling out this rather unexpected mix of enemy armor and infantry and had decided to wait for the arrival of the main body. Combat Command A of the 9th Armored Division had been attached to the Fourth on the 27th, and was fighting its own battle to further expand and protect the corridor to the west. Do you have 9TH ARMORED DIVISION, 19TH TANK BATTALION Reunion information you'd like to share Relive & share the memories of your service time with your brothers & sisters in arms today. Luttwitz’s 2nd Panzer Division was formed in 1935. CCB of the 9th Armored was immediately needed in St. Vith to shore up the 106th Infantry Division, while CCA was badly needed in the Wallendorf-Echternach area to support the 4th Infantry Division. Subscribe to 2nd Tank Battalion, 9th Armored Division Footer menu. On the morning of December 19, Booth decided to move what was left of his team plus about 100 stragglers, even a few from the 106th Infantry Division, to Bastogne. Combat Command R, unlike its two sister combat commands within the 9th Armored Division, would not be given a chance to prove itself as an independent unit in combat. The 3rd Brigade demobilized on 15 July 1919 and reconstituted on 10 August 1921, within the newly-constituted 1st Cavalry Division. Middleton conferred with his immediate boss, Lt. Gen. Courtney Hodges, commander of First U.S. Army. They are on the outskirts of Cailly, France on February 24th, they had arrived in country a few days before and had not seen combat yet. They were awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for their heroism. The personnel of CCR, 9th Armored Division who managed to make it to Bastogne and regroup were able to assist the 101st Airborne Division by acting as either mobile emergency relief strike forces, armored support for the lightly armed paratroopers, or direct infantry augmentation to the defense line. With the possible exception of the titanic clash at El Alamein, no tank engagement in World War II will be longer remembered than the dashing armored coup which first put the American Army across the Rhine at Remagen bridge. In addition to the direct fire coming from the German panzers, the infantry and Shermans of Task Force Rose were also coming under indirect fire from 88mm antiaircraft guns estimated to be about 2,500 yards to the east. The tank battles of North Africa and Russia in early 1942 caused the US Army to recognized the need to drastically increase the number of its armored units. The 9th Armored Division is cited for extraordinary heroism and gallantry in combat in the vicinity of Waldbillig and Savelborn, Luxembourg from December 16 to December 22, 1944 by repulsing constant and determined attacks by an entire German division. "CROSS THE RHINE WITH DRY FEET COURTESY OF 9TH ARM'D DIV". We operated in this organization until … Although the Germans were on the ropes and expected to capitulate soon, General Middleton still worried about the thin spread of his on such a wide front. The area of the Ardennes designated for the XLVII Panzer Corps’ breakthrough was held by the 28th Infantry Division’s 1st and 3rd Battalions of the 110th Infantry Regiment, commanded by Colonel Hurley F. Fuller. [1] It reached the United Kingdom in September 1944. Although never officially reorganized, the Brigade was inactive until its 15 October 1940 activation and redesignation and conversion to HHC, 9th Armored Division Trains, and deployed to Europe, receiving campaign-participation credit for operations in the Rhineland, the Ardennes-Alsace, and the Central Europe theatres of war, and awarded two Meritorious Unit Commendations, with embroidered streamers reading: Europe 1944 and Europe 1945. US Order of Battle. There have been countless thousands of published works devoted to all or of it. Bastogne lay in the sector of advance that Manteuffel assigned to XLVII Panzer Corps and its commander, General Heinrich von Luttwitz. The officer and enlisted cadres were drawn from other armored divisions. Combat Command RCCR of the U.S. 9th Armored Division sacrificed heroically to win precious time at Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge. It was the first German division to reach the Atlantic and the first to reach the Swiss frontier. Harper, finding his way to Longvilly blocked, headed cross country with an assault gun platoon in the direction of Houffalize where, along the way, he met up with a retreating body of Task Force Rose tanks and soldiers directed by a Lieutenant DeRoche. Each battalion had its own insignia. 3.) There have been countless thousands of published works devoted to all or of it. Col Daniel Van Voorhis took a cadre of 175 officers and enlisted men from Fort Eustis to Fort Knox in February 1932, and established a Provisional Armored Car Platoon. CCR would be treated as a true reserve force from which units and men could be drawn as needed, a holding unit for a heterogeneous collection of troops and equipment. Due to German superiority in armor, however, only one enemy tank was disabled while the other two turned back for cover. At about 9:40 am on the 17th, approximately 10 minutes after word came that the Germans had captured Clervaux and crossed the Clerf River, General Middleton ordered Colonel Gilbreth to establish two roadblocks between Clervaux and Bastogne in an effort to delay the Germans. This second roadblock was only about eight miles from Bastogne. The Division saw its severest action at St. Vith, Echternach, and Bastogne, its units fighting in widely separated areas. This was only seven months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, which was followed just four days later by the German declaration of war on the United States, thus bringing the United States into World War II. Hodges agreed with Middleton’s assessment, and on the morning of December 17, Hodges was trying to reach General Bradley to have the only two SHAEF (Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force) reserve divisions left on the European continent, the 101st and the 82nd Airborne divisions, released to VIII Corps for the immediate defense of Bastogne. As the lead panzer came into view, it was turned back by fire from the American tanks. 9th Armored Division shoulder sleeve insignia, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Armored divisions of the United States Army, United States Army divisions during World War II, Military units and formations established in 1942, http://www.ljmilitaria.com/armygroundforcespatches/civil_war__spanish_american_war__indian_wars__wwi.htm#divisions, The 9th: The Story of the 9th Armored Division, "Official 3d Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division Homepage", https://military.wikia.org/wiki/9th_Armored_Division_(United_States)?oldid=4685722, Pages using infobox military unit with unknown parameters, 89th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized, 509th Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment, Headquarters Company, 9th Armored Division, 131st Armored Ordnance Maintenance Battalion, 656th Tank Destroyer Battalion (attached 22 February 1945 past 9 May 1945), 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion (attached 14 November 1944 to 8 January 1945), 482nd AAA Automatic Weapons Battalion (attached 22 November 1945 to 9 January 1945; 22 February 1945 to 9 May 1945). After the war, General Manteuffel wrote: “On the whole the delaying action of the withdrawing American Army was a success. The 2nd Armored Division ("Hell on Wheels") was an armored division of the United States Army. Middleton therefore planned to hold his original VIII Corps positions as long as possible while building strong defenses in front of the road network hubs of St.Vith, Houffalize, and Bastogne. With its primary mission now canceled with the destruction of Task Force Harper, Team Booth weighed its options of either defending in place or heading for Bastogne. After World War II, the unit returned state-side and was inactivated until 15 July 1963, when it was reassigned from the 9th Armored Division, and converted and redesignated as HHC, 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division. Fuller’s regimental front stretched approximately 10 miles, and anything even remotely resembling a continuous line of defense was far beyond the manpower capabilities of the 1st and 3rd Battalions. In the 9th Armored Division’s CCR sector, the 52nd Armored Infantry Battalion seemed to be the primary target of the shelling. What was left of CCR was placed under the command of Lt. Col. Robert M. Booth (Team Booth) and occupied the high ground immediately north of Allerborn. Lt. Col. Robert M. Booth, commander of the 52nd AIB, was informed at a midday briefing that there was nothing to worry about. Although unexpected stiff pockets of American resistance had delayed Bastogne’s capture by at least a full day, all was far from lost. ABMC honors the services of overseas U.S. Armed Forces by maintaining and promoting America's overseas commemorative … Also, within hours of the division’s commitment to battle, it was appointed a new commander, Colonel Meinrad von Lauchert. Manteuffel’s instructions to Luttwitz were direct: “Panzer Lehr Division holds itself ready to advance by order of the corps following behind the 26th VGD by way of Gemund-Drauffeld toward Bastogne and the Meuse in the sector of Namur-Dinant. Within minutes after the arrival of the its 2nd Battalion, 2nd Panzer artillery shelling started to pick up once again and another smoke screen was laid down in front of the Americans. While the British 29th Armoured Brigade blocked to road to the Meuse, the 2nd Armored Division attacked the exposed flank of the 2nd Panzer Division with full force. Almost immediately after speaking to General Hodges, General Bradley put in a call to General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the supreme Allied commander, requesting the release of the two reserve airborne divisions. The reason for the reprieve was that the 2nd Panzer Division, in keeping with the XLVII Panzer Corps operational plan, turned off the main road, bypassing Bastogne to the north and heading for the Meuse River. The Division exploited the bridgehead, moving south and east across the Lahn River toward Limburg, where thousands of Allied prisoners were liberated. History of the 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion - Pages 42 to 80. For the men of CCB and CCR, the hard slog was over for the time being. According to Lauchert’s timetable, his reconnaissance battalion should have been in Bastogne well over an hour earlier. When the Germans launched their winter offensive on 16 December 1944, the 9th, with no real combat experience, suddenly found itself engaged in heavy fighting. Lieutenant DeRoche, after turning five of his Shermans over to Lt. Col. Harper, led his small force toward St. Hubert where they found supplies of fuel and ammunition. A half hour prior to the launching of the Ardennes offensive, Colonel Lauchert received a personal phone call from Hitler instructing him that in directing his forces, “The battle must be fought with brutality and all resistance shall be broken in a wave of terror.”, In compliance with Middleton’s order, Colonel Gilbreth established two roadblocks. Its two tank battalions were about at full strength with 27 Mark IVs, 58 Panthers, and 48 armored assault guns. CCB found itself near the village of Faymonville and recently attached to V Corps to support the U.S. Army’s effort to capture or destroy the Roer River dams. However, many other retreating soldiers never made it, having fallen to the gauntlet of sporadic enemy artillery fire, snipers, and engagements with concealed enemy infantry and tanks. Its stand at Bastogne held off the Germans long enough to enable the 101st Airborne to dig in for a defense of the city. Although the plan called on German armor to bypass Bastogne should immediate capture prove unfeasible, investment would still tie down German forces needed elsewhere. In the 9th Armored Division’s CCR sector, the 52nd Armored Infantry Battalion seemed to be the primary target of the shelling. It was Middleton’s reasoning that a strong American concentration within these transportation centers would force the Germans to come to him and, in any case, American forces would be in strength on the enemy’s flank and rear. Each combat command usually consisted of one armored battalion and one armored infantry battalion. It changed the world more than any other single event in history. Once Luttwitz’s XLVII Panzer Corps crossed the Clerf, Bastogne could be reached no later than midday of the 18th, thus allowing German command and control the use of its vital road network. The corps commander informed his division commander that the order came down from the highest level of command. Combat Command "B", 9th Armored Division (CCB, 9AD) was in an assembly position in the vicinity of Faymonville – Ligneuville, Belgium. Colonel Gilbreth’s as yet untested command, within this framework of parceling, separation, and external control, was expected to stop the advance of a formidable Wehrmacht armored division. To assist with the destruction of enemy armor, Captain Rose called for artillery support on the Germans’ suspected assembly area. 9th A.D. halftracks advancing through Engers, Germany, 27 March 1945. Maj. Gen. Clervaux was only a scant five miles from this junction and only about 13 road miles from Bastogne. The 28th and the 4th had been severely mauled in the bloody battles of the Hürtgen Forest. Middleton, believing that he would eventually be granted the two reserve divisions, still had one major problem: how to slow down the German advance long enough to allow for the arrival and deployment of the paratroopers. While Task Force Rose’s complement of Shermans was slowly dwindling, 2nd Panzer Division tanks kept multiplying as more of the division rolled up from Clervaux. The 9th Armored Division landed in Normandy late in September 1944, and first went into line, 23 October 1944, on patrol duty in a quiet sector along the Luxembourg-German frontier. In honor of their World War II service, the 9th was officially nicknamed the "Phantom Division." Major General John W. Leonard’s 9th Armored Division was, like most armored divisions of the period, divided into three separate combat commands (CC): A, B, and R (Reserve). These enemy tanks and infantrymen belonged to the reconnaissance battalion of Colonel von Lauchert’s 2nd Panzer Division whose infantry elements were eliminating the last of the American defenders in Clervaux. CCA was placed just south of the confluence of the Our and Sure Rivers wedged between the 109th Infantry Regiment of the 28th Infantry Division to its north and the 12th Infantry Regiment of the 4th Infantry Division to its south. In mid-December 1944, the three combat commands of the 9th Armored Division were scattered throughout the Ardennes front. In the early morning hours of December 16, 1944, all along the Ardennes front from Monchau in the north to Echternach in the south, American forces awoke to the sound of German artillery. The 26th VGD commander, General Heinz Kokott, was given the mission of forcing crossings at the Our and Clerf Rivers on the left of the Panzer Corps, holding them open for the armor of the 2nd Panzer Division, then following it to Bastogne. Three infantry divisions, the 28th, 4th, and 106th, comprised VIII Corps. But the resistance by delaying actions gained the time needed to bring up their tactical reserves at the correct moment.”, XHTML: You can use these tags:
. It consisted of a company of armored infantry (minus one platoon), one platoon of tank destroyers, and one platoon of light tanks and had the mission of protecting the left flank and rear of Task Force Harper. Unknown to the Americans, the Germans were planning a major offensive code-named Operation Watch on the Rhine. In September 1943 fourteen of those were reorganized, these are sometimes called the „light“ armored divisions, although this name is a bit misleading, because the main difference was in size and not the equipped tanks. Although the 116th Panzer Division was making progress against stiff and unexpected opposition, its corps headquarters was unhappy with its slow progress and the commanding general of the 116th Panzer was instructed to assume personal leadership of his advance elements. Each combat command was a combined arms military organization of comparable size to a brigade or regiment and loosely patterned after the German combined arms approach to mechanized warfare. Middleton not only refused to assist Task Force Rose, but he further refused to let it retreat south. Activated 15 Feb 42 Arrived ETO 25 Feb 44 Arrived Continent (D/42) 18 Jul 44 Entered Combat: First Element 27 Jul 44 Entire Division 28 Jul 44 Days in Combat 226 Casualties (Tentative) Killed 1,169 Wounded 4,198 Missing 152 Captured 7 Battle Casualties 5,526 Non-Battle Casualties 7,290 Total Casualties 12,816 8th Armored Division – WW-2. By midday on December 17, Luttwitz’s 2nd Panzer Division, after crushing American resistance in Marnach, was pushing west toward Clervaux and its bridges across the Clerf River. The 9th Armored Division (the "Phantom Division") was an armored division of the United States Army in World War II. Colonel Gilbreth’s Combat Command R consisted of the 52nd Armored Infantry Battalion, the 2nd Tank Battalion, the 73rd Armored Field Artillery Battalion, the 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion, and other conventional task force attachments. General Luttwitz’s corps consisted of the 2nd Panzer Division, the Panzer Lehr Division, and the 26th Volksgrenadier Division (VGD) with the added strength of the 15th Volks Werfer (rocket launcher) Brigade, the 766th Volks Artillery Corps, the 600th Army Engineer Battalion, and the 182nd Flak Regiment. Men and armor retreating into Bastogne from the battles that preceded the arrival of the 101st Airborne Division continued to stream in throughout the day with valuable information concerning German deployment and strengths. - … Panzer Lehr would follow directly behind the 26th VGD. With reports of German assaults and penetrations coming in throughout the day from his entire VIII Corps sector, General Middleton realized that what was occurring was no simple spoiling attack but a major German offensive. But there’s NEVER been anything like THIS before. Control of Bastogne would not only ensure an easier and swifter advance toward the River Meuse but would also ensure firmer control of the entire southern Ardennes region. The northernmost roadblock near Lullange, under the command of Captain L.K. This was based on an earlier effort but was predicated on a new Cavalry Regiment TO&E (Table of Organization and Equipment) which was … It was not until 7 pm on December 17 that Eisenhower, reluctant to part with his last reserve divisions, gave permission. After over two years of training throughout the country, including Camp Ibis, the 9th Ar… Hierbei täuschten die Alliierten erfolgreich die Wehrmacht und machten ihr weis, dass die tatsächliche Invasion in der Gegend von Dünkirchen stattfinden würde. In December 1944, the Ardennes front or “ghost front” was an area where either veteran Allied units rotated in to rest and recover from terrible combat losses or where new, untested units arrived to gather some combat experience from the minor skirmishes that would occasionally flare up. One Sherman became bogged down in the mud and had to be evacuated. On 15 July 1942, the 2nd Cavalry Division was de-activated and its men and equipment were transferred to the newly activated 9th Armored Division. Thus, Bastogne, like St. Vith and Marche-en-Famenne, needed to be dealt with quickly to achieve Hitler’s goal of capturing the Belgian port city of Antwerp and splitting the Allies—both politically and geographically. Although the advance elements of the German assault reached the southern roadblock in late afternoon it was not until after dark that the Germans launched their first major attack. There are moments in military history that forever alter the flow of human events. Based upon all available information, Booth estimated that his team was up against at least one armored division. In addition, smaller units of tank destroyers, engineers, and mechanized cavalry were assigned as needed to accomplish any given mission. In the case of strong enemy resistance, Bastogne is to be outflanked, its capture is then up to the 26th VGD….”. Captain Rose placed a platoon of infantry facing north of the junction and another platoon facing east on the road coming from Clervaux. The 2nd Armored was organized as a "heavy" armored division, having two armored regiments of four medium tank and two light tank battalions of three companies each. Essentially, the only uncommitted combat unit he had left was CCR of the 9th Armored Division. The remainder of A Company, 14th Armored Division consisted of Shermans as 9th Armored Division split the 10 initial Pershings sent to the ETO in half with 3rd Armored Division. After a rest period in January 1945, the Division made preparations for a drive across the Roer River. The Division was shifting south to Czechoslovakia when the war in Europe ended on 9 May 1945. Subscribe to 14th Tank Battalion, 9th Armored Division Footer menu. The 112th Infantry Regiment drew off a platoon of tank destroyers, and the 110th Infantry Regiment was sent a platoon of tank destroyers as well as a company of tanks. After about 15 minutes the smoke cleared with no immediate action on the part of the Germans. At approximately 8:30 am on December 18, the infantrymen of Task Force Rose facing Clervaux reported that three enemy tanks accompanied by infantry were approaching. It advanced to within 15 miles of Moscow and later participated in the epic armored battle of Kursk. Times when the very landscape appears to shift. A few minutes later an entire German tank column barreled down on Task Force Rose from the north. History of the 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion - Pages 1 to 41. The German tanks were effectively aided by their infrared night-sighting devices with an effective range of 400 meters. The devastating successes of the German armored units in Poland and France underscored America's need for an effective armored force. Unit Roster - This is an excerpt from the Unit History and includes both a list of men as they arrived in France and a list with addresses … At approximately 3 pm on December 18, CCR headquarters at Longvilly received the final message from the northern roadblock that the defenders had been overrun. Troy H. Middleton’s U.S. Army VIII Corps was such a unit. The resupply and reinforcement of the units commenced immediately. The division, under the command of Major General Geoffrey Keyes, was activated on 15 July 1942 at Fort Riley, Kansas, by reorganizing and redesignating the white elements of the 2nd Cavalry Division. The Sherman tanks of A Company opened fire and counted hits on all three German tanks. The two Task Force Rose Shermans would be able to lead reinforcements back and guide them into position. Moreover, because of the breadth of the German assault he could not even use the entire division in the Bastogne sector. In addition, an American occupation of Bastogne would provide Allied forces with a base from which to hamper the German flanks and rear as well as cause major resupply problems for Luttwitz’s fuel-hungry tanks. Lt. Col. Robert M. Booth, commander of the 52nd AIB, was informed at a midday briefing that there was nothing to worry about. The 22nd Tank Battalion, originally the 3rd Battalion, 42nd Armored Regiment was activated on August 15, 1942, with the 11th Armored Division at Camp Polk, Louisiana. THORNE, Horace M. [posthumously] Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Troop D, 89th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, 9th Armored Division. This time it took nearly 90 minutes for the smoke to lift, and when it did the GIs of Task Force Rose discovered that the German panzers had moved to within 800 yards of their position and the Shermans were taking direct fire from approximately 16 German tanks. Realizing this, the 52nd Armored Infantry and the first and northernmost was at the,... Houffalize after taking Trois Vierges felt that its former commander, General Manteuffel wrote: “ on the long... And northwest of the woods just northeast of the 811th tank Destroyer Battalion - Pages to... Fire and counted hits on all three platoons of his tank Company 15... 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